In the small nation of Hebrews and Abraham Judaism has its roots 2000 BCE and they have survived thousands of years of occasional victory but predominantly dispersion, persecution and suffering, yet remained steadfast with the Jewish religion. You will find in modern worlds that around 14 million individuals call themselves Jews, while you will find an additional 3.5 billion people who belief religions that are influenced by Judaism. Looking at modern day Judaism, you will find it a complex phenomenon with strict adherences to rituals while the religious believes are more liberal.
Judaism has a central profound religious belief that only one God exists with God revealing himself to Abraham who is the father of the Jewish people. God loved and took care of the Hebrews who became Jews in later years and after Egypt’s rescue from slavery, the Ten Commandments and ethical as well as religious guidelines were revealed to Moses which are Laws to the Jew.
You do get divisions in all religions and the same is true in Judaism which they call movements which continue to develop and evolve in modern times. The most conservative movement that retain all practices and traditions are the Orthodox Jew. On the extreme opposite you get another, the Reform Jew that while retaining their identity as Jew practice a liberal religion. In the middle of them do you have Conservative Judaism, which are moderate in all applications relating to beliefs and rituals?
All movements however celebrate important days with major days including Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah and Passover. Jews who lives in places where Christmas are celebrated also celebrate Hanukkah especially during the last century. Saturdays instead of Sundays like other religions is the day of rest and worshipping for the Jew, which call it their Sabbath. God plays a big role in people’s lives and traditional rituals are performed through various life cycles.
For example a Bar Mitzvah for boys when they turn 13 while girls have their Bat Mitzvah at 12 years old. Jewish scriptures and the Torah which are the Jewish Bible are important and in this faith foods that are kosher are eaten.